Ali-sadr Cave is one of the largest water caves in Iran and the world. It is also one of the rare water caves where sailing is possible. The sharp temperature difference inside and outside the cave has made the area a pleasant place for tourists. Ali Sadr cave is a miracle of nature because there are many amazing landscapes in geology.
Tips on Ali-sadr Cave
Ali-Sadr cave is about 190 million years old. According to geology, as long as the sound of water drops is heard in the cave and as long as the cracks in the cave wall are covered with lime layers this cave is alive and it keeps changing.
Ali-sadr Cave is a natural cave and no human was involved in its creation. The air in the cave is very light, clean and fresh and free from any contamination and dust. Therefore, if you light a candle, the flame will remain constant without any movement.
Even though the cave is underground, lacks poisonous gases. So people with respiratory problems can visit the cave and there will be no problems for them.
The most attractive part of the Ali-sadr Cave is its wide lake, which enables sailing in the deeper parts. The lake’s source of water is underground springs and leaks from walls and ceilings. So the water has no color and smell.
Due to the luminosity of the water you can see the depth of 10 meters without problems. You can drink cave water because it contains a lot of lime and minerals. The water temperature is 12 ° C, which is constant throughout the year.
A 14-meter-deep river flows into the cave of Ali-sadr which it has 40 meters’ height. The time you need to visit the cave is about 2 hours because you will not be able to get back in the middle of the trip when you start. Visiting the cave, which includes boating along the river, takes 20 minutes. The boat’s route is marked by colored lights.
No animal lives in this cave. The Temperature is low in summer and temperate in winter. So be careful with the clothes you carry with you into the cave.
Location of Ali-sadr Cave
Ali-sadr Cave is located outside Hamadan in the highlands of Sari Qia near Ali-Sadr village in Kaboud Rahang district in Hamadan province. It is located between Hamadan and Zanjan.
Hamadan is 326 km to Tehran. The distance from Kabudarahang to Hamedan is 59 km. You are 50 km from Kabudarahang to Ali-sadr Village.
History of the cave
Ali-sadr Cave is the 23rd National Natural Heritage listed by the Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization on January 15, 2008.
Geologists attribute the cave’s antiquity to the Late Jurassic period (136-190 million years ago).
The cave was first discovered during the reign of Darius I (521-485 BC), which can be proved by an old inscription at the entrance to the tunnel. However, existing knowledge of the tunnel vanished, and it was only in 1978 that a local shepherd followed the tunnel in search of water or a lost goat.
In the summer of 2001, a German / British expedition explored the cave for 11 kilometers. The main cave compartment is 100 meters by 50 meters and 40 meters high.
It is well known that even in the Safavid period the cave water was used by the canal until the first professional and planned exploration of the cave of Ali-sadar was conducted on 9 October 2008 by a group of 4 members of the Hamadan Mountaineering Board by using Previous information and accompanying equipment for moving on the water, crossing the lake, visit its various branches and halls to see the beauty and grandeur of it, they were able to find new information from the caves, its length, width, depth and height.
Despite the news of this visit and subsequent visits, the cave was narrow by about 50 cm by 1352 and was accessible only by professional climbers…
…until Abdullah Hajilo, who had chaired the Hamadan Mountaineering Board since 1341, and Disillusioned with the authorities’ interest in the development of the cave, he personally took action and accepted the city and province with the help of locals and using the mountaineering arm and the city and province association, eventually opening the cave in May 1973 5 m high and 3 m high.
The following year, a concrete path was created for marching into the cave by concrete part of the floor of the cave, and then, by equipping the cave with several boats and providing lighting within it, the cave of Ali-sadr was put into operation on 25 May 1976.
Abdullah Hajilu’s success in developing and introducing the cave was such that he persuaded the Shah to visit the cave on 27 September 1976, in which it was decided not only to link electricity to Ali-sdar and the surrounding villages and to pave access roads to the cave. Take the Tourism Guesthouse at Ten Ali-sadr.
Naming the cave
According to the traditions, a shepherd named Ali Dam (in Persian it is called sad) or Ali Sadr closes a dam on the lake water and his name, Ali Dam, is also placed on the village. But later, in the public domain, his name changes to Ali Sadr and over time on the guide boards they write Ali Sadr.
The weather in Ali-sadr cave
We head downstairs and our eyes fall to the beautiful scenery that adorns the walls and ceiling of the cave in the dark. We get to the rowing spot. We wait a little while for one of the patrol boats to land and take us on a fascinating tour of the multi-million-year-old historic heart. We put on the life jackets, get on the boat and go to the cave with the boat leader.
The hallways of the cave have a form of alleyways; some reach an impasse and some are interconnected. Attractive and unique feature of Ali-sadr Cave, among other water caves in the world, is the ease of use of the blue canals inside it. These channels are such that they can be easily crossed by ordinary boat. Try to take a close look at the surroundings while sailing and learn more about the secrets and mysteries of this miracle of nature. Enjoy the spectacular view of the lake beneath your feet and the various forms of stalagmite and stalactite that each have miraculously transformed and attracted tourists. Each corner of the cave is also painted with colorful and attractive lighting so that tourists can easily recognize the different shapes and get a better experience of walking around Ali-sdar.
The waterway that ends, the cave track continues on foot. The wonders still go on and around the cave you find shapes that resemble things like pearls, dragons and more. If you use your creativity a little, you can also find new forms. After crossing the trail again, the blue path will meet you. Here the road gets narrower and the ceiling short. At the end of the course the boatmen will take you to the sidelines. Here you have to get out and say goodbye to the beauty of the cave.
Ali-sadr Cave has relatively convenient routes for wheelchair users with disabilities. But keep in mind that the disabled are in the cave as close to the quay as they are able to sail and hike in other parts of the cave.