After Islamic revolution, with the creation of new provinces, the number of provinces in Iran increased. But in recent years, the number of Iranian provinces has reached to 31 provinces.
The current capital of Iran is Tehran, which should be moved to another location by 2025.
Iran is about 1.6 million square kilometers, with an area of about 79 million people from the largest Middle Eastern countries. In 1937, with the adoption of a new law on divisions, Iran was divided into 10 provinces and 49 cities.
Iran is like a bridge which connects the Persian Gulf to the Caspian Sea and it is a cultural, spiritual and political link for the East and the West.
Iran is bounded to the north by Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkmenistan, and the Caspian Sea, to the east by Pakistan and Afghanistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq.
Iran also controls about a dozen islands in the Persian Gulf. About one-third of the boundary is seacoast which is about 4,770-miles (7,680-km).
IRAN is one of the rare countries with a vast range of climates, nature and historical sites. Cultures, ethnics and valuable souvenirs from Iran such as
carpets, most valuable turquoise, saffron, pistachios, traditional paintings, .calligraphy, caviar and handicrafts are the best in the world.
Topography, elevation, water supply, and soil determine the character of agriculture. Approximately one-tenth of Iran is forested, most extensively in the Caspian region.
Wildlife includes leopards, bears, hyenas, wild bears, ibex, gazelles, and mouflons, which live in the wooded mountains. Jackals and rabbits are common in the country interior.
One of the natural wonders of Iran is the Damavand mountaion, located on 65 km from Tehran with a height of 5610 m. This summit is covered all year round by snow.
Another example of Iran glory is Lut Plateau, one of the two great deserts of Iran. By traveling to this area, you will feel that you have travelled on the surface of Mars.
The historical cemetery of Khalid Nabi and the amazing hills adjacent to Khalid Nabi’s tomb have created beautiful landscapes that you should definitely see. In addition to being one of the natural attractions of Iran, Khalid Nabi is also a historic region of great old age.
In Masal, in north of Iran, you can face the phenomenon of the ocean of cloud and the most unequivocal forest landscapes in the country. The Olsbongah is the most famous area of Masal, but we also offer you to travel to the unknown village of Bilgadul.
In summary, the following points are the important elements of Iranian culture beyond the boundaries of Iran:
- Persian language which is the most important indicator of Iranian culture.
- National festivals like Nowruz.
- Mythological characters like Rostam.
- The allegorical mythology, such as Dave and Simorgh.
- Persian architecture.
The heart of the legendery Persian empire of antiquity, Iran has long played an important role in the region as an imperial super power and later—because of its strategic position and abundant natural resources, especially petroleum—as a factor in colonial and superpower rivalries.
The country roots in a distinctive culture and society back to the Achaemenian period, which began in 550 B.C.
The name Iran comes from the word Aryanam, meaning “Land of the Aryans.”
Persia was conquered by the Muslim Arabs in the 7th century C.E. and they left the most long lasting influence on Iran and the Iranians.However, Iranian culture was all but completely subsumed under Arabs influence.
An Iranian cultural renaissance in the late 8th century led to a reawakening of Persian literary culture, though the Persian language was now highly Arabized. Arabic script in native Persian Islamic dynasties began to appear with the rise of the Ṭahirids in the early 9th century.
With the fall of Ṣafavid Dynasty in 1736, rule passed into the hands of several short-lived dynasties leading to the rise of the Qājār line in 1796.
The social difficulties of the country led to the ascent in 1925 during Pahlavid, whose ill-planned efforts to modernize Iran led to widespread dissatisfaction and the dynasty subsequent overthrow in the revolution of 1979.
Video: History of Iran